# Insets in R

Had a bit of a stupid moment today. Laura Timms asked me about the `fig`

graphics parameter in base R graphics, but I’d never heard of the `fig`

graphics parameter! She wanted to make a simple inset graph (i.e. graph within a graph), and found that `fig`

was the way to do it but couldn’t get it working. We kept getting the error message:

`invalid value specified for graphical parameter "fig"`

The `fig`

parameter accepts a vector of four numbers giving the coordinates of the corners of the rectangle inside which the inset is to be plotted. As with all these things…something is bound to confuse you at first and here’s what got us. We naively thought that the coordinates were in the same units as the variables being plotted on the x and y axes — but this was wrong. They are in NDC coordinates, and getting this is key.

So here’s a simple example that works:

```
par(new = FALSE)
plot(1:10, 1:10, las = 1)
par(new = TRUE)
par(fig = c(0.47, 0.97, 0.1, 0.6))
plot(1:10, 10:1, xlab = '', ylab = '', las = 1)
```